Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India
National Programme for Control of Blindness & Visual Impairment(NPCBVI)


National Programme for Control of Blindness & Visual Impairment (NPCBVI) was launched in the year 1976 as a 100% Centrally
Sponsored scheme with the goal to reduce the prevalence of blindness from 1.4% to 0.3%. As per Survey in 2001-02, prevalence of
blindness is estimated to be 1.1%. Rapid Survey on Avoidable Blindness conducted under NPCBVI during 2006-07 showed reduction
in the prevalence of blindness from 1.1% (2001-02) to 1% (2006-07). Various activities/initiatives undertaken during the Five
Year Plans under NPCBVI are targeted towards achieving the goal of reducing the prevalence of blindness to 0.3% by the year 2020.

Goals & Objectives of NPCBVI in the XII Plan

  • To reduce the backlog of blindness through identification and treatment of blind at primary, secondary and tertiary levels
    based on assessment of the overall burden of visual impairment in the country.

  • Develop and strengthen the strategy of NPCBVI for “Eye Health” and prevention of visual impairment; through provision of comprehensive                 Eye Care services and quality service delivery.

  • Strengthening and upgradation of RIOs to become centre of excellence in various sub-specialities of ophthalmology

  • Strengthening the existing and developing additional human resources and infrastructure facilities for providing high quality comprehensive                 Eye Care in all Districts of the country;

  • To enhance community awareness on eye care and lay stress on preventive measures;

  • Increase and expand research for prevention of blindness and visual impairment

  • To secure participation of Voluntary Organizations/Private Practitioners in eye Care